The 4 Main Elements In Psychology That Determine Personality

Everyone has a unique personality and there is no other person that is exactly like them. As it turns out there are only 4 main elements that will determine how unique a person is. When a baby is born they begin to learn about the world. Thinking about “Who am I” does not happen to a later stage in life. When a small child hits the age of 2 they start to realize that they are separate from their parents and their personality begins to develop.

4 Main Elements on Psychology that Determine Personality

Between the ages of 2 and 6 a person will begin to develop their own personality. Not all of the developments of personality take place during childhood. Some things develop later on in life.

1. Genetic Makeup

The genes that a person is born with will determine 40% of their personality. A person does not have control over this but they can change things they do not like about their personality.

If a person is born with an aggressive personality they will be able to make changes. According to research only 30% of personality traits as stable during childhood. This increases to 54% is the early 20s, and 74% between the ages of 50 and 70.

2. Environment

Where a person lives, their culture, economic status, spiritual beliefs, friends, and workplace experiences make up part of their personality. A person may see a trait in another that they do not like and will take steps not to express those traits.
Researches at top universities have studied how workplace experiences shape the adult personality. Scientists are even able to predict if a person is going to like a job based on their personality. Between the ages of 18 and 26 workplace experiences often change a person’s personality.
People with specific personal traits were more able to choose certain types of careers were also the same people that had changes in their personality due to experiences in the workplace.

3. Traits Shared with Family

Identical twins only share around 50% of their personality. While they look alike they act differently. Fraternal twins share only around 30% of their personality traits. Siblings are only 20% similar in personality. Step siblings and adopted children only share around 7% of their personality traits.
A family may help a person develop certain traditions and elements of their personality. Values are often passed down from generation to generation.

4. Experiences in Life

Traumatic experiences especially during children can have an impact on a developing personality. People develop fears early on and they stay with a person until they can be disproved. For example if a person has a fear of spiders but is introduced to a pet tarantula they may be able to get over their fear.

If a person is introverted or extroverted often depends on early experiences with peer groups. If a person is mocked when they try to make friends they may become introverted. If a person is rewarded with positive behavior they are likely to be extroverted.


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